Minister of Agriculture in Gadarif State: Forests are a Source of Environmental Balance

Minister of Agriculture in Gadarif State: Forests are a Source of Environmental Balance

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The Ministry represents according to the point of view of Dr. Abdullah Suleiman is like a triangle which its ribs consist of forests, rainfed farming, and horticulture. The former Dean of Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, at University of Gezira, talked about 800 feddans of orchards, and he expected it go over one million feddans. While the thinking is focusing on the change of the pattern of crops in rainfed farming, this step still asks help from the officials of the forests by preventing the “heavy-duty disc” from entering the forest. In terms of agriculture, there are about 8 million feddans, which means that 800 thousand feddans are allocated for the tree cover. This is the trend being implemented through the tree belts fund, which it undertook to plant for two years, and guard from cattle, before he returns to the farm. The Minister pointed out that agricultural engineering has been introduced in this area, agriculture in the form of lines, entering into the mechanical “Azeeg” and agriculture starting in the first two years in order to achieve material revenues for the Fund. With the decline in the consumption of maize, the ministry intends to Plant it to half of the allocated area, and to resort to raising vertical productivity. The area of maize last year reached about 8 million feddans, this season decreased to 5 million feddans, maize problems of low prices, and the spread of the scourges and bad weeds.

Whereas, the area of cotton increased from 27 thousand feddans to 100 thousand feddans, and the area of the flower increased from (109) thousand feddans to140 thousand feddans, along with the height of millet area, and the cultivation of 24 thousand feddans of peanut crop. Which the Minister of Agriculture aspired to reach the productivity of 50 sacks per feddan. The area of sesame was limited to 820 thousand feddans of the total target area of one million five hundred thousand feddans due to the exit of the Northern region of the state out of the season due to delayed rains, but exceeded the area which cultivated last year. The Minister of Agriculture announced the start of transformal industries from the cotton crop beyond the gourds to the spinning and weaving and garment industry, in addition to the manufacturing of sesame, but a road infrastructure is required. A water network with a length of 70 km and an estimated cost of 360 million is currently under construction. The pipeline is expected to be completed next December at a cost of $ 57 million, in addition to the production of 320 megawatts of electricity at dams of Atbara and Sitit. The Government of Gadarif State decided to distribute fruit trees to the citizens in order to increase production in the gardener sector. The state has already exported watermelon through the National Institute of Horticultural Exports, and some areas have seen cultivation (Tasali seeds) for export purposes. Dr. Abdullah Suleiman; forests are a source of environmental balance, with the entering of Talh tree all regions can be transformed into the production of gum, which helps to retain employment for long periods, besides to avoid to use thousands of foreign workers from neighboring countries, which generates a number of challenges in terms of food security, treatment and security aspects. Gadarif is the largest State that export livestock and the tree belt is a shelter for them and a factor in reducing the consumption of herds of water. There are about 12 centers for the transfer of agricultural crop technology within forests in the State. The Minister of Agriculture has indicated that the Megrih Forest Center should be built in a manner commensurate with the residence of researchers and conducting research. In addition, the research aspects of the construction alternatives project are being completed by relying on 50% sesame crop residues, add to that a specific clay type. A special workshop is scheduled to present the results of the project.