النشر العلمي

  • Gastrointestinal Helminthes Infesting Stray Dogs with Emphasis on Echinococcus Spp. in Nyala, South Darfur State, Sudan

Abstract: Dogs are important animals that serve in transmission of E. granulosus; they also play a major role as vectors for many zoonotic parasite, bacteriae and viruses in the Sudan. The current study reports on presence of gastrointestinal helminthes with emphasis on E granulosus. During a rabies control campaign, conducted in 2011 at Nyala South Darfur State, 117 stray dogs investigated. Postmortem examination revealed that, 95.7% of examined animals were infected with one or more GIT parasite worms. The worms identified in dogs were: Ancylostoma caninum (62.4%), Dipylidium caninum (1.7%), Taenia spp. (89.7%) and Echinococcus granulosus (6.8%). No difference in the prevalence was observed between young and old dogs. Although male dogs had higher worm burdens than females, no difference in susceptibility was found between male and female dogs. Moreover, no differences in the prevalence was observed between the southern and northern areas of Nyala although the infected dogs of the northern areas had higher worm burdens than those in the South. Thus, open abattoirs and clandestine slaughterhouses appear to be the main reasons for the high prevalence of canine echinococcosis in the study area.

published in ARC Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences (AJAVS

  • Design of Low Cost Water Level Control System: Based on Novel Flip-Flop Design
Water tanks were introduced for us since past centuries ,it has an important and increasing role in our daily life for saving and keeping water resources especially in rural areas. It has been developed and improved across time , and an automated water tanks started to be manufactured . This paper presents a design of a low cost automatic water level control system based on using few , small , and low cost electronic components ; it composed from single Application Specified Integrated Circuit (ASIC) based on Flip-Flop technology to perform required control tasks , and a simple discrete level sensors. This design is presenting a unique and effective novel automation model of level control systems ,and it can easily be upgraded to perform more sophisticated tasks ,and also can be integrated with other different systems .

published in IJARIIE

  • Effect of Tillage Practices and Fertilization Methods on the Productivity of Rainfed Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor).

published in Sinnar University Journal, Volume (2) Issue No. (2).

  • Determination of Draft Power Requirements for Tillage Implements Under Central Gezira Clay Soil Conditions.

This study was conducted to determine the draft power required for different tillage implements
under central Gezira clay soil conditions. The experimental work involved five implements
(chisel plow, moldboard plow, disk plow, disk harrow and ridger) which were tested at three
speeds (3.5, 4.0 and 4.5 km/h) under two levels of soil moisture content (14.8% - pre-watered
soil, and 4.2% - dry soil). A split-split plot experimental design with three replications was used.
The draft power required, and the fuel consumed, by operating individual implement for primary
tillage were measured. Moreover, the draft power, and the fuel consumed, for the operation of a
secondary tillage implement (disk harrow) after primary tillage were measured. Statistical
analysis of the results showed that the required draft power and fuel consumption for primary
and secondary tillage operations significantly increased with increased speed and decreased with
increased soil moisture content. For primary tillage, the draft power required to operate the
chisel plow was significantly higher than for the other tested implements, regardless of the
operating speed and the soil moisture content ( the highest value of chisel plow draft power was
31.07 HP, which was found in speed 4.5 km/hr and moisture content 4.2 %); while the disk
harrow draft power requirements were significantly the lowest ( the lowest value of disk harrow
draft power was 14.82 HP, was found in speed 3.5 km/hr and moisture content 14.8 %). The fuel
consumed by the operation of the chisel plow was significantly higher compared to the other
tested implements, while the fuel requirements for the disk harrow were significantly the lowest.
The results clearly indicated that pre-watering of soil moisture of 14.3 % before primary tillage,
and operating the implement at a medium speed of 4.0 km/h, will significantly decrease the draft
power and fuel required for both primary and secondary tillage operations

published in SUST Journal of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences

  • Clinical profile of lymphatic malformation from one oral and maxillofacial center in Sudan

ABSTRACT

Background: Lymphatic malformations are developmental defects of the lymphatic system. They are frequently present at birth and are most commonly found in the head and neck regions. The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical presentation of head and neck Lymphatic malformations in relation to, age, gender, color and site of distribution. Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study, where the record of the patient diagnosed as lymphatic malformation at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Khartoum Teaching Dental Hospital, during the period of 2005 to 2008 where retrieved and analysed. Result: A cervicofacial lymphatic malformation was found more common in females than in males with a ratio of 11:9. The mean age was 14 ± 10 years, with lip and tongue being the most common sites, followed by the buccal mucosa in the intraoral site and neck in the posterior triangle was the most common site for extraoral site (30%). It was found that the bluish color was the commonest presenting color in oral lymphangioma followed by red pink color. Conclusion: Females are more affected than males, while infants and children were more affected than other age groups. The bulks of the patients were presented with soft swelling, blue to normal colour in the lip, neck and in the tongue. Further prospective studies are needed to evaluate the clinic picture and treatment outcom

published in Open journal of stomatology -Scientific Research

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