Gezira state is one of the largest States in Sudan with a total area of 35.304 km2 and a population of about 3.800.000. Geographically, it represents the area between the Blue Nile and the White Nile .It lies in savannah region between latitudes 13-15 and the longitudes 32.5-34. It has eight localities with over 40 Administrative units (SMH, 2006, unpublished document).

Wad Madani (Arabic: ودمدني‎Wad Madanī city ) or (Madani) is the capital of the Al Gezira state in east-central Sudan. Wad Madani lies on the west bank of the Blue Nile, nearly 85 miles (136 km) southeast of Khartoum. It is linked by rail to Khartoum and is the center of a cotton-growing region. The city is also the center of local trade in wheat, peanuts, barley, and livestock. It is also headquarters of the Irrigation Service. In 2008, its population was 345,290.


In the early 18th century, Wad Madani( Madani )was a small Turko-Egyptian outpost, and grew rapidly following the 1925 Gezira Scheme of irrigation to stimulate local economic development. Wad Madani is a commercial centre of the Gezira agricultural district and is mostly residential. Wad Madani has lively commercial activities with good souqs. The beaches of Wad Madani are situated on the eastern river bank of the Blue Nile, which flows into Sudan from Ethiopia. The city's facilities are more modernized than most places in the Sudan (except Khartoum area). The University of al-Gezira is also located in the area.